The aim of this study is to understand and explain in detail how
policy is formulated and modified within the personal social services.
The method of study is that of intensive examinatIon of. two case
histories using two main approaches. The fi.rst is to examine crittcally
available models of policy making processes and, by incorporating
additional concepts and hypotheses evolved during the study, to suggest
a complete model. This model makes use of the specific propositions
concerning legitimacy, feasibility and support advanced by Hall et al
(1975). It also deploys Lukefs (1974) three views of pocler. These are
linked to the concept of polity suggested by the author here defined
as that body of actors surrounding a legitimate decision-maker or makers,
engaged in discussion or interrogation of an· issue or problem. The author
also advances a candidature proposition - a process by which actors and
proposals are admitted to the polity or excluded or discarded from it.
The second approach is to analyse the full text of the ntirratives in
detail employing a categorisation of speech acts.
The two fold approach is used on two narratives of events in which
the author was a participant. The first narrative relates the setting up
of a project for difficult adolescent girls, the second is an account of
a dispute between a group of parents with their children's school over
the introduction of a compulsory subject.
The complete model is found to be useful in giving satisfactory
explanations for the data recorded in the narratives. The additional
concepts of polity and candidature were found to be valuable adjuncts
to existing theories and concepts. The speech act analysis is assessed
as having limited explanatory power, but giving useful insights and
providing a second perspective.
A doctoral dissertation submitted in fulfilment
of the requirements for the award of the degree
of Doctor of Philosophy of the Loughborough
University of Technology.If you are the author of this thesis and would like to make it openly available in the Institutional Repository please contact: firstname.lastname@example.org.