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|Title: ||A free flow flat plate solar still|
|Authors: ||Boutebila, Hichem|
|Issue Date: ||1987|
|Publisher: ||© Hichem Boutebila|
|Abstract: ||Solar distillation (desalination) of salt water is suitable for
supplying water for drinking and agricultural purposes to small communities where the supply of fresh water is inadequate or of poor
quality and where solar radiation is abundant. Historical reviews and
theoretical developments of solar distillation, including the
physical and technical results of the various designs and
configurations, are reported.
This research is confined mainly to one type of solar still, an
inclined free flow flat plate solar still. To study the effect of
significant parameters, a mathematical two dimensional flow analysis
was carried out based on continuity, momentum and energy equations
for liquid and vapour flow. It is presented together with an
iterative computational procedure. A dimensional set of equations is
developed and solved by the Runge-Kutta method. It is shown that the
Significant parameters of the combined two phase flow are the film
thickness, the liquid flow rate, the collector length and inclination
and the solar radiation.
A small scale free flow flat plate solar still was designed and constructed, and experimental studies conducted under laboratory and
direct solar conditions to investigate features which would seem to
affect the still performance such as solar radiation, wind velocity,
ambient air temperature, liquid flow rate and angle of inclination.
Finally the theoretical and experimental results are combined
together to form a basis for the design of a long, large solar still
for further study.|
|Description: ||A Master's Thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of Master of Philosophy of the Loughborough University of Technology.|
|Appears in Collections:||MPhil Theses (Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering)|
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