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Title: Physical performance of young adult females from different racial groups in Singapore
Authors: Neo, Evelyn T.G.
Issue Date: 1991
Publisher: © Evelyn Tan Gim Neo
Abstract: The purpose of the study was to test the hypothesis that physical performance differs in females from distinct racial groups in Singapore and to examine possible reasons for any differences. Performances of pre-university and junior college (institutions) females in the National Aerobics Physical Fitness Award (NAPFA) test battery were analysed. The test items comprised of sit-ups, sit and reach, standing broad jump, inclined flexed-arm hang, shuttle run and the 2.4 km run. The sample consisted of 427 females (171 Chinese, 138 Indians and 156 Malays) between the ages of 16 to 21 years. The selection of both the institutions and subjects were randomised. The NAPFA test results were analysed by racial groups and institutions and compared with the Ministry of Education's (MOE) 1982 norms. Questionnaires were devised to obtain information about attitude towards physical activities, in and out of schools, from subjects and teachers' qualification and ECA details. These were analysed and compared with the test results. There were significant differences (P<O.Ol) between the three racial groups in the NAPFA test items. The Chinese performed better than the other two races with the Indians performing least well in most test items. Indians iv showed a negative attitude towards physical activities and had the highest percentage in non-physical activity based clubs and societies as compared to the other two races. The Malays participated the least in physical activities outside school and during vacation period. Only 41% of those who took part in the NAPFA test battery achieved a minimal fitness level and, in doing so, won a medal. The three test items which caused the most failures were the flexed-arm hang, the 2.4 km run and the standing broad jump. Overall the subjects in the junior colleges performed better than the pre-university subjects with a significant difference (P<O.Ol) in the 2.4 km run test item. Almost all junior college PE teachers were adequately trained in PE whereas only a small percentage of their counterparts in preuniversity centres had such training. Junior colleges have more sports and games ECA and better programmes. The MOE's statistics showed that the students in 1982 performed better in most test items than the subjects in the present study. Recommendations have been made to improve the performances of females in the tests. Suggestions have also been made to the school's curriculum and government bodies to encourage students participation in physical activity and to maintain a positive attitude towards a healthy lifestyle.
Description: A Master's Thesis. Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of Master of Philosophy of Loughborough University.
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/10485
Appears in Collections:MPhil Theses (Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences)

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