The thesis gives an account of the application of two methodologies, "Side Chain
Incorporation" and "Cleavage of the Zero Bridge in Bicycles," to the ring expansion, by one,
three, and four carbons, of five-, six-, and seven-membered ring benzocyclic carbonyl
A Doctoral Thesis. Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy of Loughborough University.