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Title: A to Z of nutritional supplements: dietary supplements, sports nutrition foods and ergogenic aids for health and performance - part 31
Authors: Gleeson, Michael
Siegler, J.C.
Burke, L.M.
Stear, S.J.
Castell, L.M.
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group © the authors
Citation: GLEESON, M., ... et al., 2012. A to Z of nutritional supplements: dietary supplements, sports nutrition foods and ergogenic aids for health and performance- part 31. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 46 (5), pp. 377 - 378.
Abstract: This issue deals with the increasingly interesting topic of probiotics and also, slightly out of alphabetical order, with pycnogenol, a product usually associated with pine bark. Probiotics are food supplements containing live microorganisms. They modify intestinal microbiota in a way that enables beneficial bacteria to increase. An additional benefit is that probiotics in sufficient quantities also tend to decrease those species of bacteria which are considered harmful. It is suggested that this situation produces many potential benefits for the health and functioning of the digestive system, and also has a beneficial effect on immune function. In the short review below, the effects of probiotics and their efficacy in reducing infection incidence (or symptom severity/duration) in athletes are summarised. Pycnogenol supplementation has previously been considered to have a range of beneficial effects, including antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.
Description: This article was published in the journal, British Journal of Sports Medicine [BMJ Publishing Group © the authors] and the definitive version is available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2012-090981
Version: Published
DOI: 10.1136/bjsports-2012-090981
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/10576
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2012-090981
ISSN: 0306-3674
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences)

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