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Title: Position statement part two: maintaining immune health
Authors: Walsh, Neil P.
Gleeson, Michael
Pyne, David B.
Nieman, David C.
Dhabhar, Firdaus S.
Shephard, Roy J.
Oliver, Samuel J.
Bermon, Stephane
Kajeniene, Alma
Keywords: Exercise
Sport
Immune
Leukocyte
Pathogen
Infection
Training
Overtraining
Overreaching
Adaptation
Diet
Supplement
Stress
In vivo
Sleep
Environment
Treatment
Prevention
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: © Association for the Advancement of Sports Medicine
Citation: WALSH, N.P. ... et al., 2011. Position statement part two: maintaining immune health. Exercise Immunology Review, 17, pp. 64 - 103.
Abstract: The physical training undertaken by athletes is one of a set of lifestyle or behavioural factors that can influence immune function, health and ultimately exercise performance. Others factors including potential exposure to pathogens, health status, lifestyle behaviours, sleep and recovery, nutrition and psychosocial issues, need to be considered alongside the physical demands of an athlete’s training programme. The general consensus on managing training to maintain immune health is to start with a programme of low to moderate volume and intensity; employ a gradual and periodised increase in training volumes and loads; add variety to limit training monotony and stress; avoid excessively heavy training loads that could lead to exhaustion, illness or injury; include non-specific cross-training to offset staleness; ensure sufficient rest and recovery; and instigate a testing programme for identifying signs of performance deterioration and manifestations of physical stress. Inter-individual variability in immunocompetence, recovery, exercise capacity, non-training stress factors, and stress tolerance likely explains the different vulnerability of athletes to illness. Most athletes should be able to train with high loads provided their programme includes strategies devised to control the overall strain and stress. Athletes, coaches and medical personnel should be alert to periods of increased risk of illness (e.g. intensive training weeks, the taper period prior to competition, and during competition) and pay particular attention to recovery and nutritional strategies. [...continues].
Description: This article was published in the journal, Exercise Immunology Review [© Association for the Advancement of Sports Medicine] and the definitive version is available from PubMed at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21446353. The publisher's website is at: http://www.isei.dk
Version: Published
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/10586
Publisher Link: http://www.isei.dk/
ISSN: 1077-5552
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences)

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