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Title: Testing a model of antecedents and consequences of defensive pessimism and self-handicapping in school physical education
Authors: Ntoumanis, Nikos
Taylor, Ian M.
Standage, Martyn
Keywords: Physical education
Motivation
Self-worth
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: © Taylor and Francis
Citation: NTOUMANIS, N., TAYLOR, I.M. and STANDAGE, M., 2010. Testing a model of antecedents and consequences of defensive pessimism and self-handicapping in school physical education. Journal of Sports Sciences, 28 (14), pp. 1515 - 1525
Abstract: There has been very limited research on the use of self-worth protection strategies in the achievement context of school physical education (PE). Thus the aim of the present study was to examine some antecedents and consequences of defensive pessimism and self-handicapping. The sample comprised 534 British pupils (275 females, 259 males) recruited from two schools who responded to established questionnaires. Results of structural equation modelling analysis indicated that self-handicapping and defensive pessimism were positively predicted by fear of failure and negatively predicted by competence valuation. In addition, defensive pessimism was negatively predicted by physical self-concept. In turn, defensive pessimism negatively predicted enjoyment in PE and intentions to participate in future optional PE programmes. Self-handicapping did not predict enjoyment or intentions. Results from multi-sample structural equation modelling showed the specified model to be largely invariant across males and females. The findings indicate that although both strategies aim to protect one's self-worth, some of their antecedents and consequences in PE may differ.
Description: This article was published in the serial, Journal of Sports Sciences [© Taylor and Francis]. The definitive version is available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2010.511650
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1080/02640414.2010.511650
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/10622
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2010.511650
ISSN: 0264-0414
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences)

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