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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/10648

Title: The use of DHM based volumetric view assessments in the evaluation of car a-pillar obscuration
Authors: Marshall, Russell
Summerskill, Steve
Cook, Sharon
Keywords: DHM
Ergonomics
Field of view assessment
A-pillar
SAMMIE
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: © Taylor and Francis
Citation: MARSHALL, R., SUMMERSKILL, S. and COOK, S., 2012. The use of DHM based volumetric view assessments in the evaluation of car a-pillar obscuration. IN: Duffy, V.G. (ed.). Advances in Applied Human Modeling and Simulation. Proceedings of the 4th AHFE Conference, 21st-25th July 2012, San Francisco, California. pp. 255-264
Series/Report no.: Advances in Human Factors and Ergonomics;
Abstract: This paper concerns the development of a new volumetric vision assessment for Digital Human Modelling (DHM) and its application to transport research. The research was commissioned by the UK Government who identified an ongoing concern with the potential for car A-pillars (A-posts) to obscure driver’s vision and be a contributory factor in road accidents. Road accident scenarios were identified from UK accident data, modelled and then evaluated within the DHM environment SAMMIE. A new assessment method was developed that creates a 3D projection of the volume of space visible through an aperture, or reflected through a mirror. Using these projections vision was assessed for the scenarios using three different category M1 vehicles (cars). The assessments identified that A-pillar obscuration could have been a contributory factor in the accidents. The research also highlighted that if the driver was aware of the obscuration it could be relatively easily negated. Conclusions indicate that the volumetric vision assessment is a very useful tool and much more illustrative than the more traditional 2D ground plots of visibility. In addition, car A-pillars form a potential obscuration to vision and could lead to accidents especially when combined with factors such as inexperience, or tiredness.
Description: This conference paper is closed access.
Version: Accepted for publication
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/10648
Publisher Link: http://www.crcnetbase.com/doi/abs/10.1201/b12319-32
ISBN: 9781439870310
9781466552623
Appears in Collections:Closed Access (Design School)

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