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|Title: ||Career helpers and career hinderers : a qualitative study exploring the role of others in shaping individuals' careers|
|Authors: ||Bosley, Sara|
|Issue Date: ||2004|
|Publisher: ||© Sara Bosley|
|Abstract: ||This study identifies, characterises and contextualises the role of others in shaping the
careers of non-managerial employees. Seeking individuals' perspectives, the qualities
and characteristics that employees value in their helpers are identified and discussed in
relation to those expected of professional careers advisers. In so doing the study
addresses limitations that arise from: the dominance of traditional differentialist theories;
philosophical differences between positivist career research and constructivist guidance
practice; and the division between sociological and psychological perspectives.
From a constructionist perspective, qualitative data were gathered using semi-structured
interviews with 28 non-managerial employees in 6 different organisations. Participants
were asked to give accounts of their career from the time they left school to the present
day. Particular attention was paid to their sense-making about the role of others. Both
narrative and thematic analysis were used in order that the role of career helpers and
hinderers could be understood in both the diachronic and synchronic context. Two conceptual frameworks that develop understanding of career help and career
helpers, along with the paired concepts of career self-view and career world-view are
proposed. First, a typology of career helpers distinguishes and contrasts helper categories
according to their roles and impact on individuals' career world-view and career selfview.
Second, an 'anatomy of credibility' shows the interrelationship between valued
qualities and characteristics of career helpers. In discussing credibility, knowledge and
impartiality are conceptualised, a distinction proposed between power and influence, and
the concept of 'care' is introduced.
It is suggested that valued careers helpers are those who are aware of their subjective
frame of reference, their position on partiality, and of external pressures and internal
beliefs that may shape their practice.|
|Description: ||A Doctoral Thesis. Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy of Loughborough University.|
|Appears in Collections:||PhD Theses (Business School)|
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