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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/11061

Title: Contamination
Authors: Shama, Gilbert
Ahlfield, Birte
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: © Cambridge University Press
Cambridge University Press © M. Laroussi, M. Kong, G. Morfill and W. Stolz
Citation: SHAMA, G. and AHLFIELD, B., 2012. Contamination. IN: Laroussi, M. ... et al. (eds.) Plasma Medicine - Applications of Low-temperature Gas Plasmas in Medicine and Biology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, Chapter 5, pp. 99 - 114.
Abstract: Micro-organisms can be transported through the environment in a number of ways; they can be conveyed in liquids or in aerosols, on particles of solids, or either inside objects or on their surfaces. An object or environment can become contaminated either by direct contact with a carrier of contamination or by contact with some intermediary that has itself has come into direct contact with a source of micro-organisms (Figure 1). Almost anything can qualify as an intermediary according to the definition given above. For example, as Figure 2 shows a person may sneeze into her hand and then transfer viral particles from her hand to a door handle which, as a result, becomes a source of infection. To give another example, a healthcare worker treating a patient infected with antibiotic resistant bacteria may transmit the infection to another patient simply by hand contact. As used here, the term contamination will be taken as referring to the unwanted transfer of infectious biological agents from one location to another. Moreover, the term ‘infectious biological agent’ is meant to include both prokaryotic and eukaryotic micro-organisms, viruses and prions. [continues...]
Description: This book chapter was accepted for publication in Plasma Medicine - Applications of Low-temperature Gas Plasmas in Medicine and Biology [Cambridge University Press © M. Laroussi, M. Kong, G. Morfill and W. Stolz] and the publisher's website is at: http://www.cambridge.org
Version: Accepted for publication
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/11061
Publisher Link: http://www.cambridge.org/aus/catalogue/catalogue.asp?isbn=9781107006430&ss=fro
ISBN: 9781107006430
Appears in Collections:Book Chapters (Chemical Engineering)

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