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Title: Architectural considerations for a control system processor
Authors: Patel, Dipesh I.
Keywords: Control processors
Digital control implementation
Structures for implementation
σ-operator state space structures
Architectures for control processors
Issue Date: 1996
Publisher: © Dipesh I. Patel
Abstract: Modern design methodologies for control systems create controllers with dynamics which are of a similar order to the physical system being controlled. When these are implemented digitally as Infinite Impulse Response (HR) filters the processing requirements are extensive, in particular when high sample rates are necessary to minimise the detrimental effects of sample delay. The aim of the research was to apply signal processing techniques to facilitate the implementation of control algorithms in digital form, with the principal objective of maximising the computational efficiency, either to achieve the highest possible sample rates using a given processor, or to minimise the processor complexity for a given requirement. One of the approaches is to design a fixed point processor whose architecture is optimised to meet the computational requirements of signal processing for control, thereby maximising what can be achieved with a single processor. Hence the aim of the research was to head towards a processor architecture optimised for Control System Processing. The design of this processor is based on a unified structural form and it will be shown that controllers, represented either in state space form or as transfer functions, can be implemented using this unified structure. The structure is based on the σ-operator, which has been shown to be robust to changes in coefficients and hence require shorter coefficient wordlength to achieve a comparable performance to traditional z-operator based structures. Additionally, the σ-operator structures are also shown to have lower wordlength requirements for the internal variables. Also presented is a possible architecture for a Control System Processor and a model for the processor is developed and constructed using VHDL. This is simulated on a test bench, also designed in VHDL. The results of implementing a phase advance controller on the processor are then compared with those obtained from a MATLAB simulation.
Description: A Doctoral Thesis. Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy of Loughborough University.
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/11075
Appears in Collections:PhD Theses (Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering)

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