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|Title: ||Temporal relations among multidimensional perceptions of competence and trichotomous achievement goals in physical education|
|Authors: ||Spray, Christopher M.|
Warburton, Victoria E.
|Keywords: ||Approach-avoidance achievement goals|
|Issue Date: ||2011|
|Publisher: ||© Elsevier Ltd|
|Citation: ||SPRAY, C.M. and WARBURTON, V.E., 2011. Temporal relations among multidimensional perceptions of competence and trichotomous achievement goals in physical education. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 12 (5), pp. 515 - 524|
|Abstract: ||Objectives: The purpose of the present study was two-fold: (1) To empirically establish whether young
people differentiate their perceived competence in physical education (PE) in terms of the self, mastery
of tasks, and others, and (2) To examine longitudinal relations between these three ways of defining
perceived competence and trichotomous achievement goals.
Methods: At the start of the study, students (n = 227 males, n = 205 females; M age = 13.18, SD =.87 years)
completed measures of mastery-approach, performance-approach- and performance-avoidance goals,
along with other-, self- and mastery-referent forms of perceived competence. The same measures were
subsequently recorded three, six and nine months later.
Results: Analyses supported longitudinal factorial invariance for each goal and each type of perceived
competence. Partial support was found for the positive influence of other-referent perceived competence
on approach- and avoidance-performance goal adoption over time.
Conclusion: Young people can construe their competence in PE in various ways. Relative to one’s classmates,
increases in other-referenced perceptions of competence can subsequently lead to increased
adoption of both performance goals.|
|Description: ||This article was published in the journal Psychology of Sport and Exercise [© Elsevier Ltd]. The definitive version is available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2011.04.007|
|Version: ||Accepted for publication|
|Publisher Link: ||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2011.04.007|
|Appears in Collections:||Published Articles (Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences)|
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