COTTON, A.P. and BARTRAM, J., 2008. Sanitation: on- or off-track? Issues of monitoring sanitation and the role of the Joint Monitoring Programme. WaterLines, 27 (1), pp. 12 - 29.
The Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) of WHO and UNICEF has reported progress in drinking-water and sanitation periodically since 1990 and is the United Nations mechanism for tracking MDG Target 10. This paper outlines a number of aspects of monitoring sanitation including different approaches and tools; it describes the way that JMP operates and considers both its strengths and limitations.