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|Title: ||Central heating thermostat settings and timing: building demographics|
|Authors: ||Shipworth, Michelle|
Firth, Steven K.
Gentry, Michael I.
Shipworth, David T.
Lomas, Kevin J.
|Keywords: ||Building energy model|
Domestic heating controls
|Issue Date: ||2010|
|Publisher: ||© Taylor & Francis|
|Citation: ||SHIPWORTH, M. ... et al, 2010. Central heating thermostat settings and timing: building demographics. Building Research and Information, 38 (1), pp.50-69.|
|Abstract: ||Crucial empirical data (currently absent in building energy models) on central heating demand
temperatures and durations are presented. This data is derived from the first national survey
of energy use in English homes and includes monitored temperatures in living rooms, central
heating settings reported by participants, along with building, technical and behavioural data.
The results are compared to model assumptions with respect to thermostat settings and
heating durations. Contrary to assumptions, the use of controls did not reduce average
maximum living room temperatures or duration of operation. Regulations, policies and
programs may need to revise their assumptions that adding controls will reduce energy use.
Alternative forms of heating control should be developed and tested to ascertain whether their
use saves energy in real-world settings. Given the finding that detached houses are heated for
longer, these dwellings should be particularly targeted in energy efficiency retrofit programs.
Furthermore, social marketing programs could use the wide variation in thermostat settings as
the foundation of a ‘social norm’ program aimed at reducing temperatures in ‘overheated’
homes. Finally, building energy models that inform energy policies require firmer foundations
in real world data to improve policy effectiveness. Greater coordination of data collection and
management would make more data available for this purpose.|
|Description: ||This is an Author's Accepted Manuscript of an article published in the journal, Building Research & Information [© 2010 Taylor & Francis], available online at: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/09613210903263007|
|Version: ||Accepted for publication|
|Publisher Link: ||http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09613210903263007|
|Appears in Collections:||Published Articles (Civil and Building Engineering)|
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