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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/11953

Title: The influence of human head model wearing metalframe spectacles to the changes of SAR and antenna gain: simulation of frontal face exposure
Authors: Mat, M.H.
Malek, F.
Whittow, W.G.
Ronald, S.H.
Zulkefli, M.S.
Saudin, N.
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: © EMW Publishing
Citation: MAT, M.H. ... et al., 2013. The influence of human head model wearing metalframe spectacles to the changes of SAR and antenna gain: simulation of frontal face exposure. Progress in Electromagnetic Research, 137, pp. 453 - 473.
Abstract: The relationship between specific absorption rate (SAR) and antenna gain inside the head due to the metal-frame spectacles was investigated. The radio frequency (RF) energy source considered is the smartphone used in the frontal face. A computer simulation using CST Microwave Studio 2012 was used for the investigation. Two sets of dipole antennas, operated at 900 MHz and 1800 MHz for GSM applications, were used as representative radiation sources from a mobile phone. Parametric studies were conducted to determine the optimum length of the metal rod, and the length was used to study the possibility of RF irradiation of the metal spectacles model. Then, the spectacles model was used as an analysis tool to study the interaction between gain and SAR in the head. The radiation pattern was plotted to identify the causes of the interactions. The gain decreased when the energy source was very close to the spectacles, and SAR increased enormously.
Description: This article was published in the journal, Progress In Electromagnetics Research [© EMW Publishing] and the definitive version is available at: http://www.jpier.org/PIER/pier137/27.13013006.pdf
Version: Accepted for publication
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/11953
Publisher Link: http://www.jpier.org/PIER/pier137/27.13013006.pdf
ISSN: 1070-4698
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering)

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