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Title: Fans, homophobia and masculinities in association football: Evidence of a more inclusive environment
Authors: Cashmore, Ellis
Cleland, Jamie
Keywords: Hegemonic masculinity
Inclusive masculinity
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell © London School of Economics and Political Science
Citation: CASHMORE, E. and CLELAND, J., 2012. Fans, homophobia and masculinities in association football: Evidence of a more inclusive environment. British Journal of Sociology, 63 (2), pp. 370 - 387.
Abstract: This article draws on 3,500 responses from fans and professionals involved in association football (soccer) to an anonymous online survey posted from June 2010 to October 2010 regarding their views towards gay footballers. The overall findings are that, contrary to assumptions of homophobia, there is evidence of rapidly decreasing homophobia within the culture of football fandom.The results advance inclusive masculinity theory with 93 per cent of fans of all ages stating that there is no place for homophobia within football. Fans blame agents and clubs for the lack of openness and challenge football’s governing organizations to oppose the culture of secrecy surrounding gay players and to provide a more inclusive environment to support players who want to come out.
Description: Closed access. This article was published in the British Journal of Sociology [© London School of Economics and Political Science] and the definitive version is available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-4446.2012.01414.x
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-4446.2012.01414.x
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/12114
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-4446.2012.01414.x
ISSN: 0007-1315
Appears in Collections:Closed Access (Communication, Media, Social and Policy Studies)

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