Loughborough University
Leicestershire, UK
LE11 3TU
+44 (0)1509 263171
Loughborough University

Loughborough University Institutional Repository

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/12132

Title: The changing organizational structure of football clubs and their relationship with the external media
Authors: Cleland, Jamie
Keywords: Interdependence
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: © Human Kinetics, Inc.
Citation: CLELAND, J.A., 2009. The changing organizational structure of football clubs and their relationship with the external media. International Journal of Sport Communication, 2 (4), pp. 417 - 431.
Abstract: The development of “new” media and the financial investment in football since the early 1990s have dramatically changed the football club–media relationship. A number of clubs changed ownership and organizational structure for financial gain or financial survival while the increasing demand for immediate information led to clubs’ recognizing the importance of external communication. Drawing on 47 semistructured interviews with media personnel and 827 questionnaires completed by supporters at 4 football clubs, this article assesses the organizational structure of clubs in dealing with the media and supporters and the level of dependence between clubs and the external media. The results highlight changes in the organizational structure of clubs and their strategies for external communication, as well as the contrasting relationships between football clubs and the external media. As ownership and personnel changes occur, clubs should remember the importance of the 2-way relationships they are in with supporters and the media.
Description: This article was published in the International Journal of Sport Communication [© Human Kinetics, Inc.]. The journal's website is at: http://journals.humankinetics.com/ijsc
Version: Published
DOI: 1936-3915
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/12132
Publisher Link: http://journals.humankinetics.com/ijsc
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Communication, Media, Social and Policy Studies)

Files associated with this item:

File Description SizeFormat
IJSC Cleland 2009.pdfPublished version197.38 kBAdobe PDFView/Open


SFX Query

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.