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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/12513

Title: Nanostructured advanced ceramics for armour applications
Authors: Huang, Shuo (Sharon)
Keywords: Ceramic armour
Zirconia phase transformation
Residual stress
Dislocation density
High strain rate test
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: © Shuo Huang
Abstract: Ceramics have been widely used for personnel and vehicle armour because of their desirable properties such as high hardness and low density. However the brittle nature associated with the ceramic materials, i.e. low toughness, reduces their ability to withstand multiple ballistic hits. The present work is focused on ceramic armour materials made from alumina and zirconia toughened alumina (ZTA). The effects of grain size and zirconia phase transformation toughening on the mechanical and high strain rate properties in both materials were investigated in detail. Alumina, 10%, 15% and 20% nano ZTA with 1.5 mol% yttria stabiliser were produced with various grain sizes. The processing of the materials started from suspension preparation, spray freeze drying of the suspension and die pressing to produce homogeneous green bodies with densities above 54%. Then, the green bodies were sintered using conventional single stage and/or two-stage sintering to produce the samples with full density and a range of grain sizes (0.5 to 1.5 μm alumina grains and 60 to 300 nm zirconia grains). The effects of the processing conditions on the microstructures were studied and the optimum processing route for each sample was determined. [Continues.]
Description: A Doctoral Thesis. Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy of Loughborough University.
Sponsor: EPSRC. Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (DSTL). Morgan Advanced Materials plc (provision of materials).
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/12513
Appears in Collections:PhD Theses (Materials)

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