This PhD thesis explores the migration dynamics between Nicaragua and Costa Rica.
Rather than just describing the main characteristics of the contemporary migration relations
between the two countries, however, it also evaluates the historical and regional contexts
within which they have been produced. This has implied the incorporation of a historicised
and multi-scale analytical perspective which has been adopted throughout the research. The
research therefore explores both expelling and attracting factors in both the origin (with a
particular focus upon rural communities in distinct regions of Nicaragua) and the
destination. It has also been important to analyse in some detail the continuities and
ruptures of the migration history between the two countries in order to understand the
current migration dynamics more profoundly. The research stresses that the Nicaraguan Costa
Rican migration dynamic should not be seen as as isolated bilateral relationship but
as part of a wider dynamic that involves the whole Central American region and that, in
general terms, migration should be seen not as an isolated pattern but as a wider process of
A Doctoral Thesis. Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy of Loughborough University.