Loughborough University
Leicestershire, UK
LE11 3TU
+44 (0)1509 263171
Loughborough University

Loughborough University Institutional Repository

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/12696

Title: An analysis of cascade-aerated facultative waste stabilisation ponds in the United Kingdom
Authors: Rinnhofer, Bernhard
Smith, Michael D.
Keywords: Cascade aeration
Facultative ponds
Flow form
United Kingdom
Waste stabilisation ponds
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: © The Authors. Water and Environment Journal © CIWEM
Citation: RINNHOFER, B. and SMITH, M.D., 2011. An analysis of cascade-aerated facultative waste stabilisation ponds in the United Kingdom. Water and Environment Journal, 25 (2), pp. 290 - 295.
Abstract: This paper examines the performance of cascade-aerated facultative ponds in a waste stabilisation pond (WSP) installation in the United Kingdom. The pond system is privately owned and treats wastewater from a conference centre with a population equivalent between 20 and 40. A snapshot analysis investigates the removal efficiency of BOD, COD, SS, FC and nutrients. Further, the oxygen supply through ‘flow form’ cascades is examined, and the DO concentrations, surface loads and retention times are discussed. The results show a very high removal of BOD, COD and SS; and nutrient removal is satisfactory. An unusual finding is that the FC removal efficiency is almost two log units better than for a common maturation pond. This is possibly attributable to the high cascade flow, where wastewater is exposed to the damaging effects of sunlight (photooxidation).
Description: Closed access. This article was published in the journal, Water and Environment Journal [© The Authors. Water and Environment Journal © CIWEM] and the definitive version is available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1747-6593.2010.00228.x
Version: Published
DOI: 10.1111/j.1747-6593.2010.00228.x
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/12696
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1747-6593.2010.00228.x
ISSN: 1747-6585
Appears in Collections:Closed Access (WEDC)

Files associated with this item:

File Description SizeFormat
j.1747-6593.2010.00228.x.pdfPublished version833.64 kBAdobe PDFView/Open


SFX Query

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.