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Title: Impact of raw material, yarn and fabric parameters, and finishing on water vapor resistance
Authors: Salopek Cubric, Ivana
Skenderi, Zenun
Havenith, George
Keywords: Water vapor resistance
Sweating guarded hotplate
Thermal manikin
Knitted fabric
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: © SAGE Publications
Citation: SALOPEK CUBRIC, I., SKENDERI, Z. and HAVENITH, G., 2013. Impact of raw material, yarn and fabric parameters, and finishing on water vapor resistance. Textile Research Journal, 83 (12), pp. 1215 - 1228.
Abstract: The objective of this study was to explore a number of technical–technological parameters affecting the water vapor resistance of knitted fabric and clothing, as well as to develop a predictive model that describes the prominent affecting parameters. Thirty-four knitted fabrics were carefully produced and measured on a sweating guarded hotplate and thermal manikin. The study focused on the influence of the following parameters on the transfer of water vapor: type of textile fibers, yarn and knitted fabric parameters, finishing of fabrics (recipes include bleaching, dyeing, and softening), and body activity. The statistical analysis, performed to examine the relationship between observed parameters, indicated medium correlation between water vapor resistance and moisture regain (R = 0.7). Furthermore, the relationship between water vapor resistance and the following knitted fabric parameters is especially prominent: mass per unit area, knitted fabric thickness, and tightness factor (R = 0.9). When the fabrics are made into ensembles, however, effects of material differences become small and the differences between garments more difficult to discriminate; even more so when movement is present.
Description: This article was published in the Textile Research Journal [© SAGE Publications] and the definitive version is available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0040517512471745
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1177/0040517512471745
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/12733
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0040517512471745
ISSN: 0040-5175
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Design School)

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