ABDUMALIKOV, A.A. ... et al, 2010. Electromagnetically induced transparency on a single artificial atom. Physical Review Letters, 104 (19), 193601.
We present experimental observation of electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) on a single macroscopic artificial “atom” (superconducting quantum system) coupled to open 1D space of a transmission line. Unlike in an optical media with many atoms, the single-atom EIT in 1D space is revealed in suppression of reflection of electromagnetic waves, rather than absorption. The observed almost 100% modulation of the reflection and transmission of propagating microwaves demonstrates full controllability of individual artificial atoms and a possibility to manipulate the atomic states. The system can be used as a switchable mirror of microwaves and opens a good perspective for its applications in photonic quantum information processing and other fields.