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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/13047

Title: Modelling the contribution of domestic heat pumps to delivering UK energy policy objectives
Authors: Braun, David
Rowley, Paul
Keywords: Air source heat pumps
Ground source heat pumps
Standard assessment procedure
Monte Carlo
English housing condition survey
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: MDPI © the authors
Citation: BRAUN, D. and ROWLEY, P., 2013. Modelling the contribution of domestic heat pumps to delivering UK energy policy objectives. Applied Sciences, 3 (2), pp. 338 - 354.
Abstract: The UK Government has ambitious targets for CO2 emissions reductions, particularly for the domestic housing stock. One technology that is expected to contribute significantly is heat pumps, both air and ground source. However, recent field trial results suggest that heat pumps in the UK are not delivering to performance expectations. This paper looks at the implications of these results for the UK housing stock’s future CO2 emissions. The English Housing Condition Survey dataset is used as the basis for a Monte Carlo simulation in order to model CO2 emissions and energy consumption for the whole of English housing stock out to 2050. The results suggest that, given the current UK electricity grid CO2 emission factor, in the short term poor heat pump performance could lead to a rise in emissions where natural gas boilers are displaced. In the longer term, heat pumps can realise emissions reductions when installed at high penetration levels when combined with a grid decarbonisation strategy. Until grid decarbonisation occurs, an alternative phased strategy is proposed that includes phased replacement of resistive electric heating, first in households in fuel poverty and then the remainder of properties with this heating type. Following this phased strategy, real emissions savings are possible along with a potential reduction in fuel poverty.
Description: This article was published in the journal, Applied Sciences [MDPI © the authors]. It is also available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/app3020338
Version: Published
DOI: 10.3390/app3020338
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/13047
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/app3020338
ISSN: 2076-3417
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering)

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