FAULKNER, S.H. ... et al, 2013. External muscle heating during warm-up does not provide added performance benefit above external heating in the recovery period alone. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 113 (11), pp. 2713-2721.
Having previously shown the use of passive external heating between warm-up completion and sprint cycling to have had a positive effect on muscle temperature (T m) and maximal sprint performance, we sought to determine whether adding passive heating during active warm up was of further benefit.