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|Title: ||Young people: a phenomenographic investigation into the ways they experience information|
|Authors: ||Smith, Marian|
|Issue Date: ||2012|
|Publisher: ||© Walter de Gruyter|
|Citation: ||SMITH, M. and HEPWORTH, M., 2012. Young people: a phenomenographic investigation into the ways they experience information. Libri, 62 (2), pp. 157 - 173.|
|Abstract: ||This paper reports on a phenomenographic investigation
into the ways young people, aged between eleven
and eighteen years of age, experience information in
both their academic and everyday life. Experience
here is interpreted as the relationship between the
subject (the young person) and the object (information).
This research builds on previous studies of people’s
experience of information. However, other studies
have had either a different focus, such as, focusing
on information literacy, or, different respondents.
Therefore this research addresses a gap in the knowledge.
Three research questions are addressed in this
paper: What are the qualitatively different ways young
people experience information? What are the logical
relationships between the categories of description?
Can a holistic picture of young people’s relationship
with information be composed from knowledge of
the different ways young people experience information?
The study used a phenomenographic research
approach to elicit and describe the qualitatively different
ways in which young people experienced information.
A purposeful sample of forty-one young people
aged eleven to eighteen years participated in the
study. The data, which were gathered through drawings
and semi-structured interviews, were subjected to a rigorous process of phenomenographic analysis.
The outcome of phenomenographic analysis is an outcome
space consisting of a finite set of categories of
description which, with their relationships, explain
the different ways people experience phenomena in
the world. In phenomenographic research, the focus
is on the collective rather than the individual experience.
The purpose of the study was therefore to highlight
differences within the sample. In this study, six
ways of experiencing information were identified:
knowledge of sources of information; receiving information;
process of finding information; store of unprocessed
information; processing information; and
use of information. The findings demonstrate some
broad similarities with other studies. However, there
are significant differences. The paper, therefore,
gives a new insight into young people’s experience of
information. It also highlights the complex and multi-
faceted way that young people experience information.
These views help to understand what young
people need to know and be able to do.|
|Description: ||This article was published in the journal, Libri [© Walter de Gruyter]. The final publication is available at www.degruyter.com|
|Publisher Link: ||http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/libri-2012-0012|
|Appears in Collections:||Published Articles (Information Science)|
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