SEAGER, R.D. ... et al, 2013. Effect of the fabrication parameters on the performance of embroidered antennas. IET Microwaves, Antennas and Propagation, 7(14), pp.1174-1181.
Simulated and measured microstrip patch antennas produced using embroidery
techniques have been presented. The antennas use a standard microwave
substrate material. The effect of stitch direction and stitch density is described and a
clear requirement to understand how the currents flow in an antenna so that the
stitch direction can be correctly chosen is shown. Two different simulation
approaches for these antennas are discussed and one is linked to measurement
results, pointing to a simplified model for simulating embroidered patch antennas.