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Title: When soft law overshadows other European resources: Portuguese reconciliation policies and usages of Europe
Authors: Zartaloudis, Sotirios
Keywords: Portugal
European Union
Usages of Europe
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: © Intersentia
Citation: ZARTALOUDIS, S., 2011. When soft law overshadows other European resources: Portuguese reconciliation policies and usages of Europe. European Journal of Social Security, 13 (1), pp. 106 - 124
Abstract: In the analysis of the usages of Europe in Portuguese reconciliation policies presented in this article, we found a general concordance / temporal sequence between EU and national level developments. In an overall context of limited policy change induced by the EU, the main actors using EU resources were political entrepreneurs: firstly, ministerial elites, and secondly, high-level officials either in government or in the independent bodies for gender equality. These actors used primarily cognitive and financial resources: the European Employment Strategy (cognitive usage), and EU funds (strategic usage), whereas legal resources were not used. Finally, cognitive usage occurred in the beginning of the reform process (the EU was reform initiator) whereas strategic usage took place to support existing goals during the reform process (the EU was reform supporter).
Description: This article was published in the serial European Journal of Social Security [© Intersentia]. The definitive version is available at: http://www.ejss.eu/
Version: Accepted for publication
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/13234
Publisher Link: http://www.ejss.eu/table_of_content.aspx?sy=2011&pn=1
ISSN: 1388-2627
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Politics and International Studies)

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