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Title: YouTube interactions between agonism, antagonism and dialogue: video responses to the anti-Islam film Fitna
Authors: van Zoonen, Liesbet
Vis, Farida
Mihelj, Sabina
Keywords: Cybermetrics
Democratic interaction
Social network
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: © Sage
Citation: VAN ZOONEN, L., VIS, F. and MIHELJ, S., 2011. YouTube interactions between agonism, antagonism and dialogue: video responses to the anti-Islam film Fitna. New Media & Society, 13 (8), pp.1283-1300.
Abstract: Fitna is a 2008 short film made by a Dutch member of parliament to support his fight against Islam. It shows shocking footage of terrorism, violence and women’s oppression and claims that these are inherent to Islam. The film caused immense controversy and mobilized people across the world to produce and upload their own views to YouTube. In this article we analyze these videos using different theoretical models of democratic interaction, and distinguishing between antagonism, ‘agonism’ and dialogue. On the basis of a cybermetric network analysis we find that the videos are mostly isolated reactions to the film. Only 13 percent or fewer of the posters interacted with each other through comments, subscriptions or ‘friendship’. These interactions could be qualified as antagonistic or agonistic, but very rarely involved dialogue. We therefore conclude that YouTube enabled a multiplication of views rather than an exchange or dialogue between them.
Description: This article was accepted for publication in the journal New Media & Society: http://nms.sagepub.com/content/13/8/1283
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1177/1461444811405020
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/13275
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1461444811405020
ISSN: 1461-4448
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Communication, Media, Social and Policy Studies)

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