Loughborough University
Leicestershire, UK
LE11 3TU
+44 (0)1509 263171
Loughborough University

Loughborough University Institutional Repository

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/13574

Title: Individual differences in inhibitory control, not non-verbal number acuity, correlate with mathematics achievement
Authors: Gilmore, Camilla K.
Attridge, Nina
Clayton, Sarah
Cragg, Lucy
Johnson, Samantha
Marlow, Neil
Simms, Victoria
Inglis, Matthew
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Public Library of Science / © the authors
Citation: GILMORE, C.K. ... et al, 2013. Individual differences in inhibitory control, not non-verbal number acuity, correlate with mathematics achievement. PLoS ONE, 8 (6), e67374
Abstract: Given the well-documented failings in mathematics education in many Western societies, there has been an increased interest in understanding the cognitive underpinnings of mathematical achievement. Recent research has proposed the existence of an Approximate Number System (ANS) which allows individuals to represent and manipulate non-verbal numerical information. Evidence has shown that performance on a measure of the ANS (a dot comparison task) is related to mathematics achievement, which has led researchers to suggest that the ANS plays a critical role in mathematics learning. Here we show that, rather than being driven by the nature of underlying numerical representations, this relationship may in fact be an artefact of the inhibitory control demands of some trials of the dot comparison task. This suggests that recent work basing mathematics assessments and interventions around dot comparison tasks may be inappropriate.
Description: This is an Open Access Article. It is published by Public Library of Science under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence (CC BY). Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
Sponsor: C.G. is supported by a British Academy Postdoctoral Fellowship and M.I. is supported by a Royal Society Worshipful Company of Actuaries Educational Research Fellowship. N.M. receives part funding from the Department of Health’s NIHR Biomedical Research Centre’s funding scheme at UCLH / UCL. Experiment 1 was funded by a grant from the Economic and Social Research Council [grant no. ESRC - RES-000-22-2981] and Experiment 2 was funded by a grant from Action Medical Research.
Version: Published
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0067374
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/13574
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0067374
ISSN: 1932-6203
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Mathematics Education Centre)

Files associated with this item:

File Description SizeFormat
PLoS One.pdfPublished version456.59 kBAdobe PDFView/Open


SFX Query

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.