This is a study that examines the practices and characteristics
of executive-level managers in technology-based multinational
corporations. Two overriding questions are designed to be
1. What do effective executive managers do?
2. How do top company executives perform
their job relative to these
These questions are answered in part in terms of the literature
and in terms of field research performed on executive managers.
The research has focused on the examination of managers in
environments characterized by a high degree of change.
From a synthesis of research-based skills and abilities on
effective executives identified through extensive literature
search an "Executive Management Inventory" (EMI) was developed.
Subsequent to testing and validation, the EMI was used to
measure work performed by corporate managers in the international
environment. The sample forming the data-base of this
research comprised executive managers, principally General
Managers, employed in,multinational corporations headquartered
in six nations worldwide:
The six nations were further classified into three regional
Differences among these executive managers are statistically
tested for significance. Interviews were also conducted with
successful executives representing each of the six nations
comprising the data-base. Not only are conclusions drawn in
the conventional way, but inferences are also made with reference to the larger population.
A Doctoral Thesis. Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy of Loughborough University.