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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/13862

Title: Internal forces in the spine modelled as an arch
Authors: Xiao, Di-Chen
Case, Keith
Acar, B. Serpil
Porter, J. Mark
Keywords: Spine
Model
Internal forces
Arch
Issue Date: 1997
Citation: XIAO, D-C. ... et al., 1997. Internal forces in the spine modelled as an arch. IN: Högfors, C. (ed.) Proceedings of the 10th International Biomechanics Seminar, Göteborg, Sweden, September 12-13, Vol. 10, pp. 106 - 113.
Abstract: The work reported here presents a parametric solid model of the spine, loading systems of the spine and a extracted arch spine model in which the body weight and external loads are treated as forces applied at appropriate points on the spine and muscle and ligament forces are treated as reaction forces applied to both ends of the spine. The model extends the arch spine approach by using optimisation techniques to find a better fitting thrust line compared with the previous arch model in the literature, and calculates the internal forces between the vertebrae in the spine. Case studies show the reasonable values of the internal forces (1.1-1.5 kN) in the arch spine. The values are much less than that of lever models (up to 6.6 kN).
Description: This is a conference paper.
Version: Accepted for publication
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/13862
ISSN: 1100-2247
Appears in Collections:Conference Papers and Contributions (Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering)

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