Compared with research in classrooms, the teaching of
physical education has not proved to be a popular research
topic. The reasons for this apparent neglect can be seen in
the lack of suitable research instruments to describe the
teaching of physical education and the complex technical
problems of recording lessons which take place out of doors
in large, open spaces.
This study set out to design an instrument which could be
used to describe the teaching of physical education in any
setting (indoors and outdoors).
The investigation consisted of three studies. The first was
the production of an instrument (BOS 1) with 42 categories
which recorded every item of teacher behaviour in a lesson.
The system was difficult to learn, required a great deal of
time to analyse and was found to be unsuitable for live
A Doctoral Thesis. Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy of Loughborough University.