Encouraged by the recent demand for eco-friendly combustion systems, advancements in the predictive capability of turbulent premixed combustion are considered to be essential. The explosion and deflagrating flame are modelled with the numerical method by applying the Large Eddy Simulation (LES) technique. It has evolved itself as a powerful tool for the prediction of turbulent premixed flames. In the LES, Sub-Grid Scale (SGS) modelling plays a pivotal role in accounting for various SGS effects. The chemical reaction rate in LES turbulent premixed flames is a SGS phenomenon and must be accounted for accurately. The Dynamical Flame Surface Density (DFSD) model which is based on the classical laminar flamelet theory is a prominent and well accepted choice in predicting turbulent premixed flames in RANS modelling.
The work presented in this thesis is mainly focused upon the implementation of a dynamic flame surface density (DFSD) model for the calculation of transient, turbulent premixed propagating flames using the LES technique. The concept of the dynamism is achieved by the application of a test filter in combination with Germano identity, which provides unresolved SGS flame surface density information. The DFSD model is coupled with the fractal theory in order to evaluate the instantaneous fractal dimension of the propagating turbulent flame front.
LES simulations are carried out to simulate stoichiometric propane/air flame propagating past solid obstacles in order to validate the model developed in this work with the experiments conducted by the combustion group at The University of Sydney. Various numerical tests were carried out to establish the confidence of LES. A detailed analysis has been carried out to determine the regimes of combustion at different stages of flame propagation inside the chamber. LES predictions using the DFSD model are evaluated and validated against experimental measurements for various flow configurations. The LES predictions were identified to be in strong agreement with experimental measurements. The impact of the number and position of the baffles with respect to ignition origin has also been studied. LES results were found to be in very good agreement with experimental measurements in all these cases.
A Doctoral Thesis. Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy of Loughborough University.