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Title: NiCoCrAlYHf coating evolution through multiple refurbishment processing on a single crystal nickel superalloy
Authors: Karunaratne, M.
Thomson, Rachel C.
Keywords: Creep
Coating
Refurbishment
Gas turbine
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: © ASM International
Citation: ROWE, A., KARUNARATNE, M. and THOMSON, R.C., 2014. NiCoCrAlYHf coating evolution through multiple refurbishment processing on a single crystal nickel superalloy. IN: Gandy, D. and Shingledecker, J. (eds). Advances in Materials Technology for Fossil Power Plants: Proceedings from the Seventh International Conference (EPRI 2013), 22nd-25th October 2013, Waikoloa, Hawaii, USA. ASM International, pp. 412 - 423.
Abstract: A combination of creep tests, ex-service blade samples, thermodynamic equilibrium calculations, combined thermodynamic and kinetic calculations, image analysis, chemical composition mapping and heat treatments have been conducted on PWA1483 to determine if microstructural rejuvenation can be achieved when taking the presence of oxidation coatings into account as part of a blade refurbishment strategy. The work has shown that the γˊ morphology changes during creep testing, and that through subsequent heat treatments the γˊ microstructure can be altered to achieve a similar γˊ size and distribution to the original creep test starting condition. Thermodynamic equilibrium calculations have been shown to be helpful in determining the optimum temperatures to be used for the refurbishment heat treatments. The interaction of oxidation resistant coatings with the alloy substrate and refurbishment process have been explored with both experimental measurements and coupled thermodynamic and kinetic calculations. The predictive nature of the coupled thermodynamic and kinetic calculations was evaluated against an ex-service blade sample which had undergone refurbishment and further ageing. In general there was good agreement between the experimental observations and model predictions, and the modelling indicated that there were limited differences expected as a result of two different refurbishment methodologies. However, on closer inspection, there were some discrepancies occurring near the interface location between the coating and the base alloy. This comparison with experimental data provided an opportunity to refine the compositional predictions as a result of both processing methodologies and longer term exposure. The improved model has also been used to consider multiple processing cycles on a sample, and to evaluate the coating degradation between component service intervals and the consequences of rejuvenation of the blade with repeated engine exposure. The results from the experimental work and modelling studies potentially offer an assessment tool when considering a component for refurbishment.
Description: Copyright 2014 ASM International, www.asminternational.org. This article was published in Advances in Materials Technology for Fossil Power Plants: Proceedings from the Seventh International Conference and is made available as an electronic reprint with the permission of ASM International. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplications of any material in this article for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of this article is prohibited.
Sponsor: The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support of RWEnpower, Swindon, UK for this research.
Version: Accepted for publication
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/14300
ISBN: 9781627080606
Appears in Collections:Conference Papers and Presentations (Materials)

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