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Title: Achievement and behaviour in undergraduate mathematics: personality is a better predictor than gender
Authors: Alcock, Lara
Attridge, Nina
Kenny, Steven D.
Inglis, Matthew
Keywords: Gender
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Taylor and Francis / © British Society for Research into Learning Mathematics
Citation: ALCOCK, L. ... et al, 2014. Achievement and behaviour in undergraduate mathematics: personality is a better predictor than gender. Research in Mathematics Education, 16 (1), pp. 1 - 17
Abstract: We investigated two factors that predict students' achievement and behaviour in undergraduate mathematics: gender and personality. We found that gender predicted students' achievement and behaviour when considered in isolation, but ceased to be predictive when personality profiles were taken into account. Furthermore, personality accounted for significantly more variance in undergraduates' achievement and behaviour than did gender, but the converse was not the case. We therefore argue that personality provides the more productive lens through which to understand the behaviour of undergraduate mathematics students. We relate this finding to recent research emphasising gender differences in mathematics education, and suggest that researchers wishing to promote equity in participation at and beyond the undergraduate level should consider shifting their focus to individual differences in personality.
Description: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Research in Mathematics Education on 28th January 2014, available online: http://wwww.tandfonline.com/10.1080/14794802.2013.874094
Sponsor: This work was partially funded by a grant from the National HE STEM programme (to SK) and by a Royal Society Worshipful Company of Actuaries Fellowship (to MI).
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1080/14794802.2013.874094
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/14533
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14794802.2013.874094
ISSN: 1479-4802
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Mathematics Education Centre)

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