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Title: Intelligence and negation biases on the Conditional Inference Task: a dual-processes analysis
Authors: Attridge, Nina
Inglis, Matthew
Keywords: Negative conclusion bias
Implicit negation bias
Affirmative premise bias
Conditional inference
Dual-processes
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: © Taylor & Francis
Citation: ATTRIDGE, N. and INGLIS, M., 2014. Intelligence and negation biases on the Conditional Inference Task: a dual-processes analysis. Thinking and Reasoning, 20 (4), pp. 454-471.
Abstract: We examined a large set of conditional inference data compiled from several previous studies and asked three questions: How is normative performance related to intelligence? Does negative conclusion bias stem from Type 1 or Type 2 processing? Does implicit negation bias stem from Type 1 or Type 2 processing? Our analysis demonstrated that rejecting denial of the antecedent and affirmation of the consequent inferences was positively correlated with intelligence, while endorsing modus tollens inferences was not; that the occurrence of negative conclusion bias was related to the extent of Type 2 processing; and that the occurrence of implicit negation bias was not related to the extent of Type 2 processing. We conclude that negative conclusion bias is, at least in part, a product of Type 2 processing, while implicit negation bias is not.
Description: This article was published in the journal Thinking and Reasoning [© Taylor and Francis]. The definitive version is available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13546783.2014.897254
Sponsor: This work was partially funded by a Royal Society Worshipful Company of Actuaries Education Research Fellowship to M. Inglis.
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1080/13546783.2014.897254
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/14535
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13546783.2014.897254
ISSN: 1354-6783
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Mathematics Education Centre)

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