ACAR, B.S. and VAN LOPIK, D., 2012. Modelling the foetus for pregnant occupant safety. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part K: Journal of Multi-body Dynamics, 226 (3), pp. 197 - 205
Annual foetus mortality rates due to road traffic accidents are much higher than the infant mortality rates in motor vehicle crashes. The goal of this study is to generate a computational model of the unborn occupant (foetus) for crash protection research. The multibody foetus model is accommodated in the finite element uterus model of 'Expecting', the computational pregnant occupant model which tackles the complexity of a pregnant women's anatomy and incorporates pregnant female anthropometry. In particular, 38 weeks gestation level is focused upon since at this stage of pregnancy the foetus is at greatest risk during a crash due to the size increase of the abdomen resulting in a close proximity to the vehicle steering wheel and awkward routing of the seatbelt. This article explains in detail all stages of modelling the unborn occupant and the links to its environment, the uterus with a placenta and the computational female model.