TOLFREY, V.L., 2009. Hand cooling to reduce exercise-induced hyperthermia and improve race performance of wheelchair and able-bodied athletes. The Sport and Exercise Scientist, 19, pp. 11 - 12
The effects of heat stress on performance
have been studied since the 1930s,
particularly in the military and industrial areas.
More recently, significant research has been
conducted on the use of a range of cooling
devices, designed to cool athletes prior to
and/or during events in warm conditions.
Some of these have yielded 30%
improvements in endurance whilst performing
in the heat (Marino, 2002; Duffield et al.,