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Title: Are optimal levels of testosterone associated with better cognitive function in healthy older women and men?
Authors: Hogervorst, Eef
Matthews, Fiona E.
Brayne, Carol
Keywords: Estrogen
Testosterone
Sex hormone binding globulin
Thyroid hormones
Cognition
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: © Elsevier B.V.
Citation: HOGERVORST, E., MATTHEWS, F.E. and BRAYNE, C., 2010. Are optimal levels of testosterone associated with better cognitive function in healthy older women and men? Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - General Subjects, 1800 (10), pp. 1145 - 1152.
Abstract: Background Sex steroids can positively affect the brain and from this it would follow that high levels of sex steroids could be associated with better cognitive function in older men and women. Methods This Healthy Ageing Study sample comprised of 521 older participants (51% women) without dementia at baseline, with an age range from 64 to 94 years. Testosterone and sex hormone binding globulin were measured using the automated Immulite 2000 and analyzed in association with baseline memory, global cognitive function and decline (assessed using the Mini-Mental Status Examination or MMSE) and controlling for potential confounds such as age, education, vascular disease, smoking, diabetes, thyroid function, and body mass index. Results In healthy older men and women, optimal levels of testosterone were associated with better MMSE scores at baseline. Follow-up analyses indicated that in men, low testosterone levels (OR = .94, 95% CI = .88 to 1.00) were a risk factor for a sharp cognitive decline after 2 years, perhaps indicative of dementia. Associations were independent of covariates and baseline MMSE. Conversely, women at risk for a sharp drop in cognitive function showed some evidence for higher calculated free testosterone levels at baseline. Conclusions Results replicate earlier cross-sectional findings that high levels of sex steroids are not associated with better cognitive function in older people. In men, age accelerated endocrinological change could be associated with dementia pathology. General significance These data do not support increasing testosterone levels to prevent cognitive decline in men and women over 65 years of age.
Description: This article was published in the journal, Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - General Subjects [© Elsevier]. The definitive version is available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbagen.2009.12.009
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1016/j.bbagen.2009.12.009
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/15097
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbagen.2009.12.009
ISSN: 0304-4165
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences)

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