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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/15123

Title: Directives: entitlement and contingency in action
Authors: Craven, Alexandra
Potter, Jonathan
Keywords: Conversation analysis
Discursive psychology
Family interaction
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: SAGE © The Author(s)
Citation: CRAVEN, A. and POTTER, J., 2010. Directives: entitlement and contingency in action. Discourse Studies, 12 (4), pp. 419 - 442.
Abstract: This article is focused on the nature of directives. It draws on Curl and Drew’s (2008) analysis of entitlement and contingency in request types and applies this to a corpus of directives that occur in UK family mealtimes involving parents and young children (three–eight-year-olds). While requests are built as contingent to varying degrees on the recipient’s willingness or ability to comply, directives embody no orientation to the recipient’s ability or desire to perform the relevant activity. This lack of orientation to ability or desire may be what makes them recognizable as directives. When examining directives in sequence the contingencies were successively reduced or managed during the delivery of the directive, thereby treating contingencies as a resource of the speaker rather than of the recipient. In a sense the entitlement claimed is ‘to tell’ rather than ‘to ask’. In sequences involving multiple/repeated directives, non-compliance led to upgraded (more entitled and less contingent) directives. The difference in the entitlement claimed, the response options available and the trajectory of multiple requests/directives suggests that participants orient to requests and directives as different actions, rather than more or less forceful formulations of the same.
Description: This article was published in the journal, Discourse Studies [SAGE © The Author(s)] and the definitive version is available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1461445610370126
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1177/1461445610370126
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/15123
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1461445610370126
ISSN: 1461-4456
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Communication, Media, Social and Policy Studies)

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