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Title: The crime drop and the security hypothesis
Authors: Farrell, Graham
Tseloni, Andromachi
Mailley, Jen
Tilley, Nick
Keywords: Security hypothesis
Debut crime hypothesis
Crime drop
Keystone crime hypothesis
Opportunity theory
Crime trends
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: © Sage
Citation: The crime drop and the security hypothesis. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 48 (2), pp.147-175.
Abstract: Major crime drops were experienced in the United States andmost other industrialized countries for a decade from the early to mid-1990s. Yet there is little agreement over explanation or lessons for policy. Here it is proposed that change in the quantity andquality of security was a key driver of the crime drop. From evidence relating to vehicle theft in two countries, it is concluded that electronic immobilizers andcentral locking were particularly effective. It is suggested that reduced car theft may have induced drops in other crime including violence. From this platform, a broader security hypothesis, linked to routine activity and opportunity theory, is outlined. © The Author(s) 2011.
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1177/0022427810391539
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/15172
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0022427810391539
ISSN: 0022-4278
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Social Sciences)

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