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Title: Reference recalibration repairs: adjusting the precision of formulations for the task at hand
Authors: Lerner, Gene H.
Bolden, Galina B.
Hepburn, Alexa
Mandelbaum, Jenny
Keywords: Person reference
Self-repair
Ascribed action
Action formation
Granularity
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: © Taylor & Francis Group
Citation: LERNER, G.H. ... et al., 2012. Reference recalibration repairs: adjusting the precision of formulations for the task at hand. Research on Language and Social Interaction, 45 (2), pp. 191-212.
Abstract: This report examines what is involved when a speaker overtly selects one formulation over another by employing a repair operation that reformulates a reference in a way that adjusts or recalibrates it, rather than abandons the original reference altogether. Focusing primarily on references to persons, we show that beyond the narrowing of a reference – increasing its precision – that results in an improved fit between a person reference and other components of a turn-at-talk, these reference recalibration repairs can be used to do such things as meeting the requirements of a story’s telling, upgrading the credibility of an information source, and justifying a rejection. This ties speakers’ overt concern with calibrating a categorical reference to the formation of action in their turn-at-talk. By contrast, we then show how broadening a reference – decreasing its precision – can be used as a method for displaying uncertainty and thereby recalibrating a reference to fit the manifest knowledge state of the speaker (or a recipient).
Description: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Research on Language and Social Interaction on 17-05-2012, available online: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08351813.2012.674190.
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1080/08351813.2012.674190
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/15261
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08351813.2012.674190
ISSN: 0835-1813
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Social Sciences)

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