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This study presents car seat concepts which are designed to mitigate whiplash
injuries through coordinated motion of seat components for a wide range of crash severities. In
order to evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed car seat concepts, computational multibody
models of a generic car seat and a biofidelic 50th-percentile male human model for rear impact
are developed. A number of car seat concepts are shown to reduce the risk of whiplash injuries
by utilizing head restraint support and energy-absorbing features, which remain reusable after