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Title: Pursuing a response by repairing an indexical reference
Authors: Bolden, Galina B.
Mandelbaum, Jenny
Wilkinson, Susan J.
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: © Taylor & Francis
Citation: BOLDEN, G.B., MANDELBAUM, J. and WILKINSON, S., 2012. Pursuing a response by repairing an indexical reference. Research on Language and Social Interaction, 45 (2), pp.137-155.
Abstract: Prior conversation analytic research has demonstrated that when, following a sequence-initiating action, a response is relevantly missing (or is forthcoming but is apparently inadequate), speakers may use a range of practices for pursuing a response (or a more adequate response). These practices—- such as response prompts, preference reversals, or turn extensions—treat the missing (or inadequate) response as indicative of some problem, and they may either expose or mask the response pursuit and the problem they attempt to remediate. This article extends this prior research by showing that speakers can also use repair technology—specifically, repair of an indexical reference—as a resource for pursuing a response. It demonstrates that speakers can use repair of indexicals, particularly when no uncertainty as to the referent seems possible, in order to pursue a response while obscuring some other possible source of trouble. Initiating repair on an indexical reference in transition space claims that a missing response is due to a problem of understanding or of recognizing the reference, and by repairing it, the speaker makes available another opportunity for a response without exposing recipient disinclination as the possible source of the trouble. Likewise, repairing an indexical reference in the third turn can pursue a more adequate response, while avoiding going on record as doing so, by treating the sequence-initiating turn as the source of the trouble. We show that, by ostensibly dealing with problems of reference, repairs on indexicals manage (covertly) other more interactionally charged issues, such as upcoming disagreement or misalignment between interlocutors.
Description: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis Group in the journal of Research on Language and Social Interaction on 17/05/2012, available online: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08351813.2012.673380
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1080/08351813.2012.673380
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/15593
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08351813.2012.673380
ISSN: 0835-1813
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Communication, Media, Social and Policy Studies)

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