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Title: Sociocultural risk factors for compulsive exercise: a prospective study of adolescents
Authors: Goodwin, Huw
Haycraft, Emma
Meyer, Caroline
Keywords: Environment
Eating disorders
Risk factors
Media pressure
Muscularity
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: © Wiley & Eating Disorders Association
Citation: GOODWIN, H., HAYCRAFT, E. and MEYER, C., 2014. Sociocultural risk factors for compulsive exercise: a prospective study of adolescents. European Eating Disorders Review, 22(5), pp.360-365.
Abstract: The risk factors for compulsive exercise are unknown. This study aims to explore longitudinal sociocultural risk factors for compulsive exercise, using a 12-month prospective design. A sample of 332 male and female adolescents (aged 13–15 years at baseline) completed self-report measures of sociocultural risk factors and compulsive exercise at baseline and eating disorder psychopathology and compulsive exercise at 12-month follow-up assessment. Hierarchical regressions found that family and peer messages to become more muscular predicted compulsive exercise in boys, whereas feeling pressure from the media to be thin was a significant predictor of compulsive exercise in girls. These relationships remained significant when controlling for eating disorder psychopathology but became nonsignificant when initial levels of compulsive exercise were entered into the model. The findings suggest that sociocultural risk factors may contribute to the development of compulsive exercise but future research should utilise a younger sample and employ a longer follow-up period to identify true longitudinal effects. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and Eating Disorders Association.
Description: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: GOODWIN, H., HAYCRAFT, E. and MEYER, C., 2014. Sociocultural risk factors for compulsive exercise: a prospective study of adolescents. European Eating Disorders Review, 22(5), pp.360-365, which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2309 This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1002/erv.2309
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/15734
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2309
ISSN: 1072-4133
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences)

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