Loughborough University
Leicestershire, UK
LE11 3TU
+44 (0)1509 263171
Loughborough University

Loughborough University Institutional Repository

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/15914

Title: Olive green: environment, militarism and the Israel defense forces
Authors: Gordon, Uri
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: © University of Pittsburgh Press
Citation: GORDON, U., 2013. Olive green: environment, militarism and the Israel defense forces. IN: Orenstein, D., Tal, A. and Miller, C. (eds.) Between Ruin and Restoration: An Environmental History of Israel. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, pp. 242-261.
Abstract: Militaristic societies are ones in which the armed forces enjoy a privileged material and cultural status, and where military priorities and frames of thinking play a key role in policymaking and political culture (Vagts 1981, Evans and Newnham 1988). Militarism is not limited to direct governance by uniformed personnel (“praetorianism”), but may instead coexist with substantive democratic institutions (Ben Eliezer 1997). Thus, contemporary societies described as militaristic are as politically diverse as Switzerland and Burma, North and South Korea, Jordan and Israel. This chapter explores the interface between environmental and military issues in Israel, placing it within the context of the changing fortunes of Israeli militarism. In particular, it is argued that growing public willingness to challenge the military’s environmentally destructive behavior in the last decades was linked to wider transformations in Israeli society. The Oslo Accords and the rise of liberalindividualist outlooks associated with globalization and consumer culture weakened the country’s founding collectivist ideology in favor of material values associated with quality of life. In this context, the military lost its previous immunity to public criticism, and environmental concerns, formerly considered luxuries in comparison with security matters, were able to gain ground in the public sphere alongside other civil agendas. The chapter begins by stating the case for viewing Israel as a militaristic society. It then surveys the military’s environmental activity and the environmental destruction it has wrought, while also noting some early successes in the area of nature conservation. Finally, it discusses how, since the 1990s, the environmental movement and affected residents, as well as the Ministry of Environment and State Comptroller, have pushed the military to clean up its act.
Description: "Olive Green: Environment, Militarism, and the Israel Defense Forces" by Uri Gordon from Between Ruin and Restoration: An Environmental History of Israel, edited by Daniel E. Orenstein, Alon Tal and Char Miller, is deposited here by permission of the University of Pittsburgh Press. ©2013. All rights reserved.
Version: Accepted for publication
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/15914
Publisher Link: http://www.upress.pitt.edu/BookDetails.aspx?bookId=36317
ISBN: 0822962225
Appears in Collections:Book Chapters (PHIR)

Files associated with this item:

File Description SizeFormat
Olive Green.pdfAccepted version110.38 kBAdobe PDFView/Open


SFX Query

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.