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Title: Parental modelling of eating behaviours: observational validation of the Parental Modelling of Eating Behaviours scale (PARM)
Authors: Palfreyman, Zoe
Haycraft, Emma
Meyer, Caroline
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: © Elsevier
Citation: PALFREYMAN, Z., HAYCRAFT, E. and MEYER, C., 2015. Parental modelling of eating behaviours: observational validation of the Parental Modelling of Eating Behaviours scale (PARM). Appetite, 86, pp. 31-37.
Abstract: Parents are important role models for their children's eating behaviours. This study aimed to further validate the recently developed Parental Modelling of Eating Behaviours Scale (PARM) by examining the relationships between maternal self-reports on the PARM with the modelling practices exhibited by these mothers during three family mealtime observations. Relationships between observed maternal modelling and maternal reports of children's eating behaviours were also explored. Seventeen mothers with children aged between 2 and 6 years were video recorded at home on three separate occasions whilst eating a meal with their child. Mothers also completed the PARM, the Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire and provided demographic information about themselves and their child. Findings provided validation for all three PARM subscales, which were positively associated with their observed counterparts on the observational coding scheme (PARM-O). The results also indicate that habituation to observations did not change the feeding behaviours displayed by mothers. In addition, observed maternal modelling was significantly related to children's food responsiveness (i.e., their interest in and desire for foods), enjoyment of food, and food fussiness. This study makes three important contributions to the literature. It provides construct validation for the PARM measure and provides further observational support for maternal modelling being related to lower levels of food fussiness and higher levels of food enjoyment in their children. These findings also suggest that maternal feeding behaviours remain consistent across repeated observations of family mealtimes, providing validation for previous research which has used single observations. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Description: NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Appetite. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was published in Appetite, 86, 8 August 2014, DOI: 10.1016/j.appet.2014.08.008
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1016/j.appet.2014.08.008
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/16000
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2014.08.008
ISSN: 0195-6663
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences)

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