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Title: Assessing the cross-national invariance of formative measures: guidelines for international business researchers
Authors: Diamantopoulos, Adamantios
Papadopoulos, Nicolas
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan (© Academy of International Business)
Citation: DIAMANTOPOULOS, A. and PAPADOPOULOS, N., 2010. Assessing the cross-national invariance of formative measures: guidelines for international business researchers. Journal of International Business Studies, 41 (2), pp.360-370.
Abstract: The importance of establishing equivalence in measurement prior to conducting substantive cross-country comparisons has long been emphasized in international business research. However, all approaches currently available for the investigation of measurement equivalence or invariance (ME/I) assume that the focal measures are reflective in nature. In our paper we offer guidelines for the assessment of ME/I when the focal construct is measured with formative indicators. We first identify distinct types of ME/I that are conceptually consistent with the nature of formative measurement models. We then describe a step-by-step procedure that can be employed to test for these types of ME/I in a comparative context. Lastly, we illustrate the application of the proposed procedure with data from a three-country survey on consumers product-country image perceptions. © 2010 Academy of International Business
Description: This paper is closed access.
Version: Closed access
DOI: 10.1057/jibs.2009.37
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/16009
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/jibs.2009.37
ISSN: 0047-2506
Appears in Collections:Closed Access (Business)

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