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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/16147

Title: Quantifying the impacts of subsidy policies on home-to-school pupil travel by bus in England
Authors: Van Ristell, Jessica Ann
Quddus, Mohammed A.
Enoch, Marcus P.
Wang, Chao
Hardy, Peter
Keywords: Education policy
School pupil bus transport
Fare subsidy
Multi-level modelling
Mode choice
Transit impacts
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: © The Author(s) 2014. This article is published with open access at Springerlink.com
Citation: VAN RISTELL, J.A. ... et al., 2015. Quantifying the impacts of subsidy policies on home-to-school pupil travel by bus in England. Transportation, 42 (1), pp.45-69.
Abstract: In the current economic climate, the British Government is revising a whole range of policy sectors to highlight areas where savings and cuts can be made. The policy of subsidising home-to-school transport for pupils who live beyond a set distance from the school which they attend has been in place since 1944 and this policy costs local authorities in England over £1 billion a year. The aim of this paper is to examine the outcomes of policy choices facing Government relating to subsidising the transport of pupils travelling between home and school. Specifically, the paper employs a multilevel modelling technique to develop a series of relationships between bus usage by school and the level of spending by local education authorities on home-to-school bus travel provision while controlling for other factors such as school quality, land-use patterns and various proxies for household incomes. The results suggest that there is a differential effect of funding on the total school-level bus mileage for primary (aged <11), secondary (aged 11-16) and post 16 schools. It is found that if local authority school budgets for bus travel provision were removed, then school-level bus mileage in England would decrease by 16, 27 and 10 % for primary, secondary and post 16 schools respectively. It is hoped that the results of the study will help inform practitioners and policy makers to select the policy responses that are most appropriate. © 2014 The Author(s).
Description: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and the source are credited.
Sponsor: This project is based on a PhD project entitled ‘Investigating the impacts of policy on school travel’ by Jessica Van Ristell which was funded by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) and JMP Consultants Ltd (Grant CASE/CAN/07/97).
Version: Published
DOI: 10.1007/s11116-014-9525-6
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/16147
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11116-014-9525-6
ISSN: 0049-4488
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering)

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