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Title: pH, geoelectrical and membrane flux parameters for the monitoring of water-saturated silicate and carbonate porous media contaminated by CO2
Authors: Abidoye, Luqman K.
Das, Diganta Bhusan
Keywords: CO2
Electrical conductivity
Dielectric constant
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: © Elsevier
Citation: ABIDOYE, L.K. and DAS, D.B., 2015. pH, geoelectrical and membrane flux parameters for the monitoring of water-saturated silicate and carbonate porous media contaminated by CO2. Chemical Engineering Journal, 262, pp. 1208-1217.
Abstract: Characteristics of potable water aquifer contaminated by CO2 are investigated using well-defined laboratory experiments. The porous media domain was prepared with silica sand and limestone in separate experiments. The investigations used combinations of techniques to measure various parameters in the water-saturated porous media domain on which pressure of CO2 was imposed, under various conditions, which correspond to different geological depths. Measured parameters included the pH, geoelectrical parameters, and the diffusion of the CO2 gas through the water-saturated porous media domain using non-porous silicone rubber sheet. Experimental results revealed the existence of three stages in the profile of pH change with time as CO2 dissolved and diffused in the water-saturated porous media domain, which was composed of silica sand. The first stage was characterised by rapid decline in the pH. This is associated with quick dissolution of CO2 and the formation of carbonic acid together with bicarbonate. The second stage showed short rise in pH value, which was attributed to the reverse reaction, i.e., the formation of aqueous and gaseous CO2 and water from the carbonic acid. The third stage was that of the equilibrium in the forward and the reverse reactions, marked by steady state in pH value, which remained unchanged till the end of the experiment. The bulk electrical conductivity (σb) of the water-saturated porous domain increased in the presence of CO2. This is attributed to the formation of ionic species, especially bicarbonate, as CO2 dissolved in the domain. The rise in σb coincided with the first stage of the change in the pH of the system. In addition, the σb was higher in limestone than silica sand, and it increased with pressure of the domain. But, the bulk dielectric constant (εb) showed no change with the dissolution of the CO2 under different conditions. Furthermore, permeation of CO2 through the silicone rubber indicated the diffusion of the CO2 gas through the water-saturated domain. CO2 flux through the membrane was shown to increase with depth or pressure of the domain. A mathematical expression derived in this work shows the dependence of σb on the pH and the initial value of σb. Predictions of the changes in the σb for different porous domains show the reliability of the mathematical expression developed in this work.
Description: NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Chemical Engineering Journal. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version will be subsequently published in Chemical Engineering Journal, DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2014.10.036
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2014.10.036
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/16177
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2014.10.036
ISSN: 1385-8947
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Chemical Engineering)

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